Topical issues of handwriting analysis of signatures performed with a significant gap in time


Keywords: identification handwriting signs; signature; signature strength; stages of signature handwriting formation ; handwriting analysis of signatures performed with significant time gap

Abstract

At the present stage, the objects of forensic handwriting analysis are signatures performed with a significant gap in time. In this case, such objects are both signatures in studied documents, made at different intervals and studied signatures performed in relation to the comparative material with a time gap.

Establishing stability of signature signs depending on performing time is possible taking into account  characteristic signs  of the stages of the signature handwriting formation. Since the factors causing changes in signatures are a lengthy process of forming the signature skill and the amount of signature practice (that is how often a person has to sign). While research on signatures that are at the formation stage, different signs, established together with significant coinciding signs canindicate a further improvement of movements. In personsof middle age (30-60 years old) who have a formed signature handwriting, significant changes do not occur over time until they stop practicing writing. While research on elderly people signatures along with the established coinciding signs, differing ones appear: signs of ataxia, decreased coordination of movements, low coherence of written signs, etc. These signs indicate degradation of movements due to physiological changes in the body in old age and a decrease in writing practice including practice of performing signature.

Considering the above, research on signatures performed with a significant time gap is a rather complicated process that often causes difficulties when forensic expert evaluates revealed signs. Within the framework of this research paper, the authors focused on some topical issues existing in modern forensic expert practice of handwriting analyses of signatures performed with a significant time gap.

The state of development of modern practical handwriting studies requires improvement of methodological approaches to this type of research. Currently, forensic experts are conducting R&D on the topic: “Improving research methods of signatures performed with a significant gap in time” which relevance is due to the need to improve forensic expert algorithm while handwriting research on signatures performed with a significant gap in time, as well as requirements of modern scientific standards.

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Published
2021-07-27
How to Cite
Drobysheva, O., Gaydamakina, D., Cataraga, O., & Alămoreanu, D. S. (2021). Topical issues of handwriting analysis of signatures performed with a significant gap in time. Theory and Practice of Forensic Science and Criminalistics, 23(1), 134-147. https://doi.org/10.32353/khrife.1.2021.10