Some aspects of forensic research on small texts


Keywords: small scop texts; informativeness; research methodology specifics ; traditional and unconventional methods; forensic expert practice

Abstract

Recently, software products have come to the aid of handwriting experts all over the world, which operation is based on: automatic measurement of segments between the points highlighted in compared signatures; registration of the execution time of individual fragments and comparison of the obtained data with samples; measuring the structural and geometric characteristics of objects, studying the distribution of the density of the dye in order to assess the pressure and pace; the principle of handwriting block structure.

This article purpose is to generalize and theoretically substantiate forensic research on small scoop texts, highlight the key aspects of this research based on the analysis of forensic expert practice to optimize forensic research.

Definitions of handwritten small scoop text and a short note, their types and characteristics of differentiation are given. Components determining the small scoops of information about handwriting in the studied manuscripts are noted. Classification of small scoop manuscripts is considered and the reasons that complicate research on these objects are analyzed. Attention is focused on the fact that referring small scop manuscripts to uninformative handwriting objects does not mean interdependence and unambiguity of these concepts. The factors determining the degree of information content of objects are given. Methodology specifics of research small scoop texts are highlighted and the main aspects of the forensic research of short texts and handwritten notes are presented.

Efficient approach to solving identification issues of forensic examination of small scoop objects is proposed. Examples of the use of traditional and unconventional methods for the forensic research optimization of short handwriting objects, taking into account a specific forensic situation are given.

References

Bondar, M. E. (2007). O sovershenstvovanii metodiki pocherkovedcheskoi ehkspertizy. Sovremennoe sostoianie, problemy i perspektivy razvitiia sudebnoi ehkspertologii [On Improvement Handwriting Analysis Methods] : mat-ly Mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf. (AR Krym, 20—21.09.2007). Simferopol [in Russian].
Bondar, M. Ye., Kovalchuk, Z. O., Sukmanova, T. O. (2014). Sudovo-pocherkoznavcha ekspertyza: stanovlennia, mozhlyvosti, perspektyvy rozvytku [Forensic Handwriting Analysis: Formation, Opportunities, Prospects of Development]. Sudova ekspertyza. № 1 [in Ukrainian].
Haidamakina, D. I., Drobysheva, O. S., Hrinenko, L. O., Matsiuk, O. V. (2020). Doslidzhennia korotkykh rukopysnykh zapysiv, vykonanykh osobamy pokhyloho ta starechoho viku [Research on Short Manuscripts made by Elderly and Old Age People]. Teoriia ta praktyka sudovoi ekspertyzy i kryminalistyky. Vyp. 21. DOI: 10.32353/ khrife.1.2020.19 [in Ukrainian].
Kam, M., Fielding, G., Conn, R. (1997). Writer identification by professional document examiners. Journal of Forensic Sciences. Vol. 42. Is. 5. DOI: 10.1520/JFS14207J.
Kochergov, E. G., Mikhailenko, S. G. (1995). Sistema avtomaticheskogo issledovaniia pocherka [Automatic Handwriting Research System]. Ehkspertnaia praktika i novye metody issledovaniia v pocherkovedenii. № 2. URL: http://www. sudexpertiza.by/4835/160/6846 [in Russian].
Melenevska, Z. S., Svoboda, Ye. Yu., Shabotenko, A. I. (2007). Sudovo-pocherkoznavcha ekspertyza [Forensic Handwriting Analysis] : navch.-metod. posib. ; za zah. red. I. P. Krasiuka. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Melnyk, D. V. (2013). Problemy aspekty vykorystannia isnuiuchykh kilkisnykh metodiv doslidzhennia pocherku [Problematic Aspects of Use of Existing Quantitative Methods of Handwriting Research]. Kriminalistika i sudebnaia ehkspertiza. Vyp. 58 (2). URL: http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/ krise_2013_58(2)__46 [in Ukrainian].
Savchuk, O. Yu. (2019). Pro rozvytok pocherkoznavchoi nauky v istorychnomu ta perspektyvnomu konteksti [On Development of Handwriting Science in Historical and Perspective Context]. Visnyk Odeskoho naukovo-doslidnoho instytutu sudovykh ekspertyz. Vyp. 5. URL: http://ondise. minjust.gov.ua/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/ VisnykONDISE052019.pdf [in Ukrainian].
Savchuk, O. Yu. (2020). Ohliad naipopuliarnishykh kompiuternykh prohram, shcho zastosovuiutsia u suchasnomu sudovomu pocherkoznavstvi [Overview of the Most Popular Software Used in Current Forensic Handwriting Analysis]. Sudova ekspertyza: problemy sohodennia ta perspektyvy rozvytku : kol. monohr. Lviv [in Ukrainian].
Segai, M. Iа., Strinzha, V. K. (1997). Sudebnaia ehkspertiza materialnykh sledov otobrazhenii (problemy metodologii) [Forensic Examination of Material Traces of Mappings (Problems of Methodology)] : monografiia. Kiev [in Russian].
Serov, V. V. (2014). Potreba u vykorystanni netradytsiinykh metodiv pid chas doslidzhennia maloobiemnykh pocherkovykh obiektiv, vykonanykh nezvychnoiu do pysma (livoiu) rukoiu [The Need to use Unconventional Methods while Studying Small Handwriting Objects Made with an Unusual (Left) Hand]. Kryminalistychnyi visnyk. № 1 (21) [in Ukrainian].
Svoboda, Ye. Yu., Zakharkina, A. Yu. (2016). Sudovopocherkoznavcha ekspertyza: suchasnyi stan i aktualni pytannia [Forensic Handwriting Analysis: Current Status and Current Issues]. Kryminalistyka i sudova ekspertyza. Vyp. 61. URL: http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/krise_2016_61_31 [in Ukrainian].
Syrotenko, N. V., Tamoshiunaite, R., Abrosymova, V. H. (2020). Ekspertne doslidzhennia korotkykh pidpysiv [Forensic Research on Short Signatures]. Teoriia ta praktyka sudovoi ekspertyzy i kryminalistyky. Vyp. 22. DOI: 10.32353/ khrife.2.2020.23 [in Ukrainian].
Zdor, V. M., Lylova, Yu. Yu. (2019). Osoblyvosti analizu stiikosti oznak pry doslidzhenni maloobiemnykh rukopysiv [Analysis Specifics of Stability of Signs while Research on Small Manuscripts]. Visnyk Odeskoho naukovo-doslidnoho instytutu sudovykh ekspertyz. Vyp. 5. S. 261—263. URL: http://ondise. minjust.gov.ua/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/ VisnykONDISE052019.pdf [in Ukrainian].

Abstract views: 40
PDF Downloads: 29 PDF Downloads: 23
Published
2021-11-10
How to Cite
Naumenko, S., Briukhan, S., & Cataraga, O. (2021). Some aspects of forensic research on small texts. Theory and Practice of Forensic Science and Criminalistics, 24(2), 123-135. Retrieved from https://khrife-journal.org/index.php/journal/article/view/489