PLACE OF TACTICAL OPERATIONS IN CRIMINALISTIC SYSTEM
Issues of finding out the place of tactical operations in the criminalistics system and criminal proceedings are studied. It is proved that while solving this issue it is necessary to proceed from nature of tactical operations, prospects for their development, as well as the specifics of the correlation between criminalistic tactics and investigating methods of certain types of crimes. Development of tactical operations as a scientific concept has become a kind of bridge that combines tactics and investigation methods that enriched investigation as a whole. It is substantiated that tactical operation belongs to the means of criminalistic tactics and in this capacity, as well as other tactical and criminalistic means, is realized in the criminalistic methods. Tactical operations are effective subsystems of criminal proceeding system including tactical operations of pre-trial investigation and tactical operations of legal proceedings. It is proved that criminalistic science and practice of investigation and judicial consideration of certain types of crimes accumulated, systematized and generalized enough volume empirical matter that is the starting point for creation of a specific criminalistic theory of tactical operations, the urgency which does not cause any doubts. First of all, provisions of criminalistic theory of tactical operations form a knowledge system (theoretical generalizations, explanations, conclusions) that characterizes the subject and practical, informational and cognitive aspect of investigation activity and judicial consideration of crimes. Like criminalistic as a whole, a separate theory of tactical operations is applied because it is scientific basis for the development and application of organizational and tactical means of criminal proceedings, optimization of investigative and judicial activity, and need implementation of modern practices in the fight against crime. Necessity of specific criminalistic theory creation of tactical operations which creation will help to level controversial scientist positions in determining the place of tactical operations in the criminalistics system is substantiated. Perspective directions of further scientific developments of the considered problem are offered. Nowadays a promising direction is the development of a separate criminalistic theory of tactical operations, which will further enhance the general criminalistic theory and will increase efficiency and rationalization of criminal proceedings.
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