Models of the system of forensic science institutions in Ukraine (advantages and risks)


Keywords: forensic expert; forensic examination; legislative regulation of forensic expert activity; subjects of forensic expert activity; draft normative acts on forensic expert activity.

Abstract

Since adoption of the Law of Ukraine: On Judicial Examination in 1994, the provision of justice by forensic experts has changed significantly, there is an urgent need to update regulations governing the issue of forensic science. That is why the deputies of the 6th session of the IX convocation as subjects of the legislative initiative submitted to the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine a number of bills on the reform of judicial expertise in our country, a comparative review of which is presented here. The main terminological and legal features of the regulation of forensic activity, its content and status of its participants are also considered. The main criteria of reform and directions of development of the legislation on forensic activity abroad are singled out. A brief overview of the historical development of the legislation on forensic expertise in Ukraine is given. The main ways of forming definitions in the normative regulation of forensic activity and its subjects are outlined. Substantiated proposals for the settlement of forensic legal relations are provided. It is proposed to eliminate the identified shortcomings of the bills. The purpose of the article is based on a comparative analysis of regulations on judicial reform submitted to the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine during September 2021 - January 2022 (6th session of the IX convocation) by the subjects of legislative initiative, and taking into account the current state scientific discussion, to formulate practically sound proposals to determine the optimal construction in Ukraine of the system and structure of institutions and officials who have the right to carry out forensic science activity.

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Published
2022-03-31
How to Cite
Juodkaite-Granskiene, G., & Frolov, M. (2022). Models of the system of forensic science institutions in Ukraine (advantages and risks). Theory and Practice of Forensic Science and Criminalistics, 26(1), 24-51. Retrieved from https://khrife-journal.org/index.php/journal/article/view/510