ABOUT TECHNIQUE CREATION OF AN INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH ON VEGETABLE ORIGIN TRACES


Keywords: forensic examination, forensic expert technique, green spots, vegetable origin layering; layering mechanism.

Abstract

Issue of developing appropriateness a technique for establishing a mechanism for formation of vegetable origin traces on clothing items is investigated. Argument is given about the need to develop such a technique is based on special literature analysis. It is important to use specialized expertise in the form of forensic science including interdisciplinary research to make a correct and objective decision in this case. As a rule, interdisciplinary forensics is an interdisciplinary research because it integrates the knowledge of various branches of science. As separate categories, forensic biological examination and forensic trace evidence analysis have a sufficiently developed scientific base. At the same time, regarding their integration in the form of interdisciplinary researches; there is a shortage of appropriate techniques. This directly relates to the need of developing a technique for establishing green layers on object carriers (garments). It is argued that only integration of the forensic biologist (botanist) knowledge about the nature of vegetable origin layering in combination with the specialized expertise of a forensic trace evidence expert based on tracing mechanisms will lead to a scientifically based result. A series of experiments was carried out which results revealed complexes of signs enough to establish the contact nature (static, dynamic) and the movement direction during dynamic contact. This allowed us to conclude that next series of experiments would be expedient which would simulate circumstances of the contact of clothes with the vegetation of various terrain sections during the crime commission. Together, the experiments will become the basis for creating technique for the mechanism detection of green layer formation on clothing.

References

Aistov, I. A. (2000). Ispol’zovanie sledov biologicheskogo proishozhdenija pri rassledovanii prestuplenij : dis. …kand. jurid. nauk. 12.00.09. Saratov. 260 s. [in Russian].
Bokarius, N. S. (1929) Naruzhnyj osmotr trupa na meste proisshestvija ili obnaruzhenija ego. Har’kov [in Russian].
Bokarius, N. S. (1925) Pervonachal’nyj naruzhnyj osmotr trupa. Har’kov, 1925 [in Russian].
Cjerjenchimjed, Gantulga (2009). Dokazatel’stvennoe znachenie sledov v raskrytii prestuplenij: na primere sledov zhivotnyh: dis. kand. jurid. nauk. 12.00.09. Moskva [in Russian].
Efremjan, Je. B., Hlestkova, E. A. (1994). Vozmozhnosti kompleksnoj kriminalisticheskoj pochvenno-trasologicheskoj jekspertizy. Jekspertnaja tehnika. Moskva: VNIISJe, Vyp. 119. 18-22 [in Russian].
Gen’bom, R. G., Korneeva-Asadchih, N. P. (1972). Sudebno-medicinskoe issledovanie veshhestvennyh dokazatel’stv. Moskva [in Russian].
Jedel’, Ju. P. (1968). O sledah svobodno padajushhih (s nepodvizhnyh i dvizhushhihsja predmetov) kapel’ krovi na gorizontal’noj ploskosti. Materialy dokladov i rekomendacij nauchnoj konferencii obshhestva sudebnyh medikov Kazahstana. Alma-Ata. 404-405 [in Russian].
Kirk, L. P. (1954). Beseitung von Blutspuren durch Waschen. Kriminalistik, 327 р.
Kisin, M. V. Mitrichev, B. C. (1996). Sudebno-biologicheskaja jekspertiza volos zhivotnyh. Vypusk 1. Moskva [in Russian].
Kisin, M. V., Tumanov, A. K. (1972). Sledy krovi. Moskva [in Russian].
Kisljak, S. E. (1998). Kriminalisticheskoe issledovanie biologicheskih sledov cheloveka v rassledovanii prestuplenij protiv lichnosti. Dis. kand. jurid. nauk. 12.00.09. Volgograd [in Russian].
Knobloh, Je. (1960). Medicinskaja kriminalistika. Praga [in Russian].
Koruhov, Ju. G. (1957). Kriminalisticheskoe znachenie sledov krovi na odezhde: avtoreferat kand. dis. Moskva [in Russian].
Laber, T. L. (1985). Diameter of a bloodstain as a function of origin, distance fallen and Vumeofdrop. I. A. B, P. A. New, V. 2. N l. P. 12-16.
Lozinskij, T. F., Shishkin, V. M., Ivanov, N. V. (1995). Obnaruzhenie sledov biologicheskogo proishozhdenija pri osmotrah mest proisshestvij, svjazannyh s hishhenijami iz metallicheskih hranilishh. Moskva [in Russian].
Majorova, E. I. (1996). Konceptual’nye osnovy sudebno-biologicheskoj jekspertizy: dis. d-ra jurid. nauk. 12.00.09. Moskva [in Russian].
Mazurok, O. Ya. (2015). Vyiavlennia, fiksatsiia ta vyluchennia slidiv krovi pid chas rozsliduvannia faktiv bezvisnoho znyknennia osoby. Kryminalistychnyi visnyk. № 2(24). 99-103 [in Ukrainan].
McDonell, H. L. (1971). Interpretation of Bloodstains: Physical Considerations. Legal Medicine Annual, Cyril Wecht, Ed. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, P. 91-136.
Osoblyvosti zbyrannia u dosudovomu provadzhenni biolohichnykh slidiv liudyny: metodychni rekomendatsii. Natsionalna akademiia vnutrishnikh sprav Ukrainy. Kyiv, 2016 [in Ukrainan].
Polozhennia pro ekspertno-kvalifikatsiini komisii ta atestatsiiu sudovykh ekspertiv: zatv. nakazom Ministra yustytsii Ukrainy vid 03.03.2015 № 301/5. Ofitsiinyi visnyk Ukrainy. № 17. St. 468 (iz zminamy ta dopovnenniamy) [in Ukrainan].
Popov, V. I. (1959) Osmotr mesta proisshestvija. Moskva [in Russian].
Prokop, O. (1960). Lehrbuch der gerichlichen Medizin. Berlin.
Rassejkin, D. P. (1965). Rassledovanie prestuplenij protiv zhizni. Saratov [in Russian].
Romanov, N. S. (1986). Teoreticheskie voprosy sudebnoj trasologii. Sb. nauch. trudov VNIISJe. Moskva. 112-124 [in Russian].
Shikanov, V. I. (1976). Kompleksnaja jekspertiza i ee primenenie pri rassledovanii ubijstv. Irkutsk [in Russian].
Shikanov, V. I. (1976). Kriminalisticheskoe znachenie sledov krovi. Irkutsk [in Russian].
Simakova-Yefremian, E. B. 92016). Kompleksni sudovo-ekspertni doslidzhennia: teoriia ta praktyka: monohrafiia. Kharkiv: Pravo [in Ukrainan].
Trasologicheskoe issledovanie sledov krovi na odezhde: metodicheskoe pis’mo /sost. Taho-Godi H. M. Moskva, 1970 [in Russian].
Yefremian, E. B. (1992). Pro ekspertne doslidzhennia mekhanizmu utvorennia gruntovykh nasharuvan na predmetakh-nosiiakh. Kryminalistyka ta sudova ekspertyza. Kyiv, Vyp. 44. 100-105 [in Ukrainan].
Yefremian, E. B. (1993). Pro klasyfikatsiiu zadach kompleksnykh kryminalistychnykh gruntoznavsko-trasolohichnykh doslidzhen. Kryminalistyka ta sudova ekspertyza. Kyiv, Vyp. 46. 91-96 [in Ukrainan].

Abstract views: 27
PDF Downloads: 20
Published
2019-12-04
How to Cite
Grosheva, O. (2019). ABOUT TECHNIQUE CREATION OF AN INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH ON VEGETABLE ORIGIN TRACES. Theory and Practice of Forensic Science and Criminalistics, 20(2), 556-572. https://doi.org/10.32353/khrife.2.2019.44