LEGAL AND SOCIALLY-PSYCHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF CRIMES RELATED TO TRADE PEOPLE IN THE WORLD


Keywords: crime, human trafficking, human exploitation, non-material harm, vulnerable condition, mental problems, human trafficking victim.

Abstract

The article is devoted to the legal and socio-psychological characteristics of crimes related to human trafficking. It is noted that this issue is reflected in various studies. It is believed that about 21 million people may be in slavery at the moment, and the income from this criminal business may be at least $ 32 billion annually. About 11. 7 million people are exploited in the Asia-Pacific region, 3. 7 million in Africa, 1. 8 million in Latin America and the Caribbean, 1. 6 million in Central and Southeast Europe, and 1 in Europe, 5 million. In the countries of the Middle East, where there is a developed economy of about 600 thousand people. About 63 international non-governmental organizations are involved in solving the problem of human trafficking in the world, accompanying and providing various assistance (social, legal, psychotherapeutic) to victims of human trafficking every day. It is noted that the oldest international human rights organization in the world, which bases its activities on the UN treaties against slavery, is the international organization Anti-Slavery International, founded in 1839 in London, United Kingdom. Painted two types of trafficking. The analysis made it possible to describe the most typical mental states of trafficked persons who are associated with the problem of mental health, namely: depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder. It is emphasized that the suffering caused to the injured individual as a result of the physical or mental impact on him by the criminals involved in trafficking in persons will require compensation for the full restoration of the victim’s mental health and the establishment of justice not only in the form of bringing to justice the perpetrators, but also in the form of non-pecuniary compensation for the harm that was inflicted by the serious crime on the victims (men, women, children). Suggestions are made to continue the work on developing a methodology for forensic psychological examination of victims of crimes related to human trafficking.

References

Bandurka, O. M. (2004). Zagalna harakteristika problemi torgivli lyudmi. Spivrobitnictvo derzhavi ta gromadskosti z pitan protidiyi torgivli lyudmi: Zb. nauk. pr. Kiyiv-Kharkiv: Vid-vo Nac. un-tu vnutr. sprav. 9-13 [in Ukrainian].
Borot’ba z torgіvleyu lyud’mi. URL: http://google-ukraine-blog.blogspot.com/ 2013/04/blog-post_10.html [in Ukrainian].
Bugajchuk, K. L. (2017). Poryadok vstanovlennya statusu osobi, yaka postrazhdala vid torgivli lyudmi: informacijno-naukovij dovidnik. Kharkiv: HNUVS [in Ukrainian].
Danshin, I. M., Golina, V. V., Valujska, M. Yu. ta in. (2009). Kriminologiya: Zagalna ta Osobliva chastini: pidruchnik; za zag. red. V. V. Golini. 2-ge vid. pererob. i dop. Har’kov: Pravo [in Ukrainian].
Ferraro, K. (2008). Neither Angels nor Demons: Women, Crime, and Victimization. Boston: Northeastern University Press. First Published March 1, 2008. URL: https://journals. sagepub.com/doi/abs/10. 1177/1077801208314080 (data zvernennia 17.05.19).
General Assembly Resolution 55/25(2000) UN.
Gercenzon, A. A. (1960). Mihail Nikolaevich Gernet, ego zhizn, obshestvennaya i nauchnaya deyatelnost (1874-1953). Gernet M. N. Istoriya carskoj tyurmy. Moskva. T. 1 [in Russian].
International Labour Office (2012) ILO Global Estimate of Forced Labour: Results and Methodology. ILO.
Ivashenko, V. A. (2000). Kriminologicheskie i ugolovno-pravovye aspekty borby s torgovlej zhenshinami i detmi: аvtoref. dis. na soiskanie nauk. stepeni kand. yurid. nauk: 12.00.08 Moskva [in Russian].
Karpec, I. I. (1992). Prestupnost: illyuzii i realnost. Moskva: Rossijskoe pravo [in Russian].
Kiss, L., Pocock, N., Naisanguansri, V. et al. (2015). Health of men, women, and children in post-trafficking services in Cambodia, Thailand, and Vietnam: an observational cross-sectional study. Lancet Global Health. 154-161.
Kononov, A. I., Romanov, N. A. (1994). Obshaya harakteristika politicheskogo ekstremizma v sovremennyh usloviyah. Moskva [in Russian].
Kurs ugolovnoj politiki v svyazi s ugolovnoj sociologiej / S. K. Gogel; Sost. i vstup. st. V. S. Ovchinskogo, A. V. Fedorova. (2009). Moskva: INFRA-M [in Russian].
List of organizations that combat human trafficking. URL: https://en. wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_organizations_that_combat_human_trafficking (date of access 10.03.2019).
List, F. (1983). The Natural System of Political Economy, Frank Cass, London, UK.
Lukashuk, I. I. (2005). Mezhdunarodnoe pravo. Obshaya chast: ucheb. dlya studentov yurid. fak. i vuzov. Ros. akad. nauk, In’t gosudarstva i prava, Akadem. pravovoj un’t. Izd. 3’e, pererab. i dop. Moskva: Volters Kluver [in Russian].
Miller, CL, Duke, G, Northam, S. (2016). Child sex-trafficking recognition, intervention, and referral: an educational framework for the development of health-care-provider education programs. J Hum Trafficking. 2 (3). 177-200.
Office on trafficking in persons. An Office of the Administraion for Children & Families. URL: https://www.acf. hhs. gov/otip/about/what-is-human-trafficking (data zvernennia 16 04.2019).
Ottisova, L., Hemmings, S., Howard, L. M. et al. (2016). Prevalence and risk of violence and the mental, physical, and sexual health problems associated with human trafficking: an updated systematic review. Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences, 25, 317-341.
Otto Henne am Rhyn. Encyclopaedia Britannica. URL: https://www.britannica.com/biography/Otto-Henne-am-Rhyn (data zvernennia 4.04.2019).
Ovchinskij, A. S., Chebotareva, S. O. (2008). Matrica prestupnosti. Pod nauch. red. V. S. Ovchinskogo. Moskva: NORMA [in Russian].
Pravovij vpliv na nepravomirnu povedinku: aktualni grani: monografiya / za red. prof. O. V. Kozachenka, prof. Ye. L. Strelcova. Mikolayiv: Ilion, 2016 [in Ukrainian].
Prestuplenie. Novejshie uspehi nauki o prestupnike; Anarhisty / Chezare Lombrozo; [predisl. V. S. Ovchinskij]. Moskva: INFRA-M, 2011. VI, 313 [in Russian].
Luneev, V. V. (2005). Prestupnost ХХ veka: mirovye, regionalnye i rossijskie tendencii. 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. Moskva: Volters Kluver [in Russian].
Reshetov, Yu. A. (1983). Borba s mezhdunarodnymi prestupleniyami protiv mira i bezopasnosti. Moskva: Mezhdunar. otnosheniya [in Russian].
Shapchenko, S. D. (2009). Sklad zlochinu yak kriminalno-pravovij fenomen: sutnist ta osnovni formi isnuvannya. Visnik Akademiyi advokaturi Ukrayini. Kyiv : Vidavnichij centr Akademiyi advokaturi Ukrayini. № 1. 240-243 [in Ukrainian].
Sukran Altun, Melanie Abas, Cathy Zimmerman, Louise M. Howard, Sian Oram. Mental health and human trafficking: responding to survivors’ needs. URL: https://www.ncbi. nlm. nih. gov/pmc/articles/PMC5618827/#r7 (data zvernennia 17.05.2019).
United Nations (2000). Optional Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, Supplementing the United.
18 zhovtnya — Yevropejskij den borotbi z torgivleyu lyudmi / Ministerstvo socialnoyi politiki Ukrayini. 18 Zhovtnya, 2018. URL: https://www.msp.gov.ua/ news/16082. html [in Ukrainian].
Zimmerman, C. & Borland, R. (2009). Caring for Trafficked Persons: Guidance for Health Providers. International Organization for Migration.

Abstract views: 59
PDF Downloads: 17
Published
2019-12-04
How to Cite
Nazarov, O. (2019). LEGAL AND SOCIALLY-PSYCHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF CRIMES RELATED TO TRADE PEOPLE IN THE WORLD. Theory and Practice of Forensic Science and Criminalistics, 20(2), 493-504. https://doi.org/10.32353/khrife.2.2019.39