FEATURES OF FORENSIC EXPERTS RESEARCH CASES OF ARTILLERY SHOT


Keywords: artillery shelling, explosive weapons, facts recording, forensic research.

Abstract

Attention is focused on the interdependence of the relevance of publication with a shortage of scientific and methodological support for forensic research related to the facts of the shelling. The views of international organizations on the use of explosive weapons are presented. It was determined that the use of explosive weapons in populated areas poses a danger of humanitarian problems, which include immediate and long-term consequences for the life and health of civilians, as well as affect civilian infrastructure and the functioning of life support services.

Attention is drawn to the dependence of the possibility of access for military personnel who plan to conduct hostilities (operations) in settlements to information on the location and nature of the activities of critical infrastructure facilities and basic life support services of the population on specific conditions.

Massive use of high-explosive ordnance in modern armed conflicts is noted. The development trend of this type of ammunition is highlighted. The main damaging factors of the fragmentation and high-explosive ordnance are determined and their characteristics are given. The mechanism of the formation of signs of the direction of an artillery shot to be documented at the scene of the incident is considered.

The basic methodological approaches to the study of issues put to resolution in the designated judicial military examinations related to the facts of shelling are shown. The list of basic terms and the most characteristic sources of information about the circumstances of the shelling is given. The main approaches to the procedure for recording the facts of the use of explosive weapons in settlements, as well as in the verification and analysis of relevant data and information regarding the determination of the types of weapons used in shelling, are determined. The list of basic input data required for the study is given.

Attention is drawn to the inevitability of the presence of contradictions in the results of documentation, as well as approaches to resolving them are indicated.

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Published
2019-12-04
How to Cite
Bogdanyuk, I., Chuprun, V., Ustimenko, V., & Shipilov, M. (2019). FEATURES OF FORENSIC EXPERTS RESEARCH CASES OF ARTILLERY SHOT. Theory and Practice of Forensic Science and Criminalistics, 20(2), 264-280. https://doi.org/10.32353/khrife.2.2019.20
Section
FORENSIC EXAMINATION OF WEAPONS AND LEGAL TRASOLOGICAL EXAMINATION