FEATURES OF TACTICAL DECISION-MAKING DURING THE INVESTIGATION OF SPECIFIC TYPES OF MURDERS


Keywords: tactical decision-making, murders with a dismemberment of a corpse, murders without a corpse.

Abstract

The main provisions of the methods for investigating murders related to the dismemberment of a corpse and the methods for investigating murders without a corpse in the context of tactical decision-making in order to disclose and investigate these crimes are considered.

The purpose of the article is to determine the features of tactical decision-making in the investigation of pointed murders. While considering the main provisions of the subject of the article, analysis and synthesis methods are used.

The main attention is paid to the peculiarities of tactical decision-making at the initial stage of the investigation of these murders. It is indicated that the tactical decision-making is due to factors related to the initial situation of the investigation which require the investigator to take an individual approach to using the available information about the crime. These factors are: 1) the presence of close ties between the victim and the offender; 2) the existence of an application for the disappearance of the victim; 3) a typical explanation for the disappearance of a person; 4) lack of data regarding the place of the murder; 5) lack of data regarding traces of the murder; 6) lack of data regarding the motive for the murder; 7) the absence of a corpse (parts of the corpse) at the initial stage of the investigation.

In the methods of investigating murders related to the dismemberment of a corpse, the features of tactical decision-making are influenced by the investigative situation that developed at the initial stage of the investigation. The article discusses four typical investigative situations. Attention is focused on the peculiarities of the tactical decision-making when planning an investigation, in particular, on the suggesting of investigative versions and their checking. Typical versions of the crime event put forward during the investigation of the murder are called.

In the methods of investigating murders without a corpse, the features of the tactical decision-making are manifested when conducting separate investigative (search) actions. The absence of a corpse at the initial stage of the investigation leads to significant mental activity, which is aimed at finding traces of the murder, the whereabouts of the corpse and identifying the suspect. Features of the tactical decision-making are shown in such investigative (search) actions as interrogation of persons close to the victim, inspection and search of the place of residence of the victim and his relatives. The negative circumstances that occur in the investigation and can be used in making tactical decisions to expose the suspect are named.

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Published
2019-12-04
How to Cite
Borysenko, I., & Bululukov, O. (2019). FEATURES OF TACTICAL DECISION-MAKING DURING THE INVESTIGATION OF SPECIFIC TYPES OF MURDERS. Theory and Practice of Forensic Science and Criminalistics, 20(2), 45-61. https://doi.org/10.32353/khrife.2.2019.03