Genesis and Issues of Using Latest Technologies and Artificial Intelligence in Criminalistics, Forensic Expert Activity and Pre-Trial Investigation


Keywords: criminalistics; forensic expert activity; pre-trial investigation; modern technologies; computer networks; informational space; digital technologies; artificial intelligence; selection; adaptation.

Abstract

The genesis of development and ways to improve theoretical and applied areas of criminalistics, forensic expertology and criminal procedure for solving forensic, procedural, organizational and other issues of implementation and use of science and technology in pre-trial investigation and trial of criminal offenses in various historical offenses in Ukraine. Special attention is paid to the scientific approach to the selection, implementation, use of computers, telecommunications, digital and other modern technologies and networks, artificial intelligence and advances in science and technology in forensics, expertise and pretrial investigation. The scientific positions of individual scientists and representatives of domestic and foreign scientific schools on these issues were studied and analyzed (inparticular, on the discussion, coverage and legislative consolidation in the legal and procedural mechanisms of selection, implementation and use of these technologies). The author’s vision is expressed and the scientific position on the raised problem questions and ways of their decision is formulated.

The aim is to analyze the historical development and current state of forensic, procedural and organizational issues of selection, licensing, use, adaptation of modern information, digital, telecommunications, computer and other technologies (including artificial intelligence) in forensics, expertise and pre-trial investigation, as well as the regulatory framework governing certain issues in this area.

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Published
2021-12-30
How to Cite
Ukhno, O. (2021). Genesis and Issues of Using Latest Technologies and Artificial Intelligence in Criminalistics, Forensic Expert Activity and Pre-Trial Investigation. Theory and Practice of Forensic Science and Criminalistics, 25(3), 40-59. https://doi.org/10.32353/khrife.3.2021.04