Features of forensic commodity examination of upholstered and cabinet furniture
The main task solved by forensic experts while studying furniture is to define its quality conditioned by a complex of consumer properties formed in the process of manufacturing and maintenance of such furniture.
The purpose of this article is to study main signs allowing to identify falsification or counterfeiting of furniture, and requirements for labeling.
The upholstered furniture of the provided manufacturer is characterized by the following features: a frame is made of natural wood, dried automaticallyin compliance with all norms and standards; particular attention is drawn to the quality of components; high-quality foam rubber is used to fill the mattress blocks which are tested for elasticity, wear resistance, certification, etc. Cabinet furniture of the provided manufacturer has the following characteristics: high quality workpieces, smooth, without knots along the entire length of a saw cut; wood edges are straightened at all areas of parts; when drilling attachment holes, the vertical and horizontal drilling accuracy is strictly controlled; furniture fittings correspond to a general artistic decision of furniture, have a long service life.
When conducting a forensic commodity examination of furniture, it is proposed to carry out its research in the following sequence: identify product characteristics, dimensional characteristics, shortcomings, causes of defects and their nature by the method of organoleptic examination and linear measurements; the method of comparative research establishes compliance or non-compliance of a studied product with regulatory requirements set for products of this commodity group, presence of defects in semi-finished products, quality of wood drying process, execution of the wood sawing process and manufacture of parts, quality of the process of manufacturing a frame, upholstery and finishing.
When evaluating the quality of furniture, it is needed to take into account their compliance with requirements, governed regulations for design, standards and other documents.
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