Specifics of fire damage to cotton clothing while shooting point-blank at a human torso simulator from a Fort-12RM pistol

Keywords: “Fort-12RM”, ballistic gel, gunshot damage, point-blank shot, non-lethal weapon, muzzle imprint mark.


This Article Purpose is to determine specifics of damage to cotton jer-sey, arising from a point-blank shot from a nickel-plated “Fort-12RM” pistol, equipped with .45 Rubber cartridges into  dressed simulator of a human torso made of ballistic gel. For achieving this goal, 12 human torso simulators were made, dressed in cotton T-shirts, with the subsequent firing of shots using a nick-el-plated “Fort-12RM” pistol equipped with .45 Rubber cartridges. The shots were fired from a distance, closely followed by examination of damage to cloth-ing using photographic and microscopic research methods. Obtained data and their comparison with the previously obtained research results when the shots were fired at the clothing samples, fixed in the frame made it possible to identify important differences and for the first time describe the phenomenon of internal muzzle imprint mark and volumetric muzzle imprint mark; while describing the internal muzzle imprint mark, specific deposition of additional factors of the shot (namely, soot), reminiscent of a candle flame was found. In addition, a double marker phenomenon was observed around the input gunshot injury on the inves-tigated human torso simulator. Most of  additional factors of the shot (in form of soot and dust particles of unburned gunpowder) were determined in wound channel. While carrying out the contact-diffusion method of research, small particles of nickel were determined around input fire damage to the simulator.

The revealed differences require revision of the classical method of experimental shooting, while test samples of clothing are fixed in a frame or fixed in a similar way. An important stage in research formulation is to recreate the conditions as close as possible to real ones. The search for the most appropriate, efficient and simple method for carrying out such experiments is promising for ballistics


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How to Cite
Gunas, V., Bobkov, P., Plakhotniuk, I., Olhovenko, S., & Solonyi, O. (2021). Specifics of fire damage to cotton clothing while shooting point-blank at a human torso simulator from a Fort-12RM pistol. Theory and Practice of Forensic Science and Criminalistics, 23(1), 175-187. https://doi.org/10.32353/khrife.1.2021.13