Certain issues on methodical support of forensic examinations of images on the dorsum of the hands


Keywords: criminalistics, forensic examination, examination of hand images, expert specialization, methodical support

Abstract

With the proliferation of video surveillance systems and an increase in their quality, it is becoming increasingly important to identify suspects using these video recordings. Given the importance of wearing masks, due to quarantine requirements, identification by facial images is not always possible. The next element of an appearance, which is usually not covered by clothing, is the hands, namely their dorsum. At the same time, there are certain gaps in the methodological support of forensic examination of hand images. The article deals with certain problematic issues of scientific and methodological support as to forensic examination of images on the dorsum of the hands. Modern scientific developments in this area are indicated, namely guidelines: "Personal identification by photographic images of hands", subsection 2.1.3: "Examination of traces of the dorsum of the hand" taken from the textbook: "Forensic examinations in the procedural law of Ukraine" and a methodological manual which is now being developed at the Ukrainian Research Institute of Special Equipment and Forensic Science of the Security Service of Ukraine. The Expert specializations were analyzed for their compliance with the type of research under consideration. Based on the results of the analysis, it is concluded that the research of images on the dorsum of the hands now corresponds to several expert specializations at the same time. An opinion is also expressed about the imperfection of the modern system of expert specializations in Ukraine.

References

Dodatok 5 do Polozhennia pro Tsentralnu ekspertno-kvalifikatsiinu komisiiu pry Minister-stvi yustytsii Ukrainy ta atestatsiiu sudovykh ekspertiv : zatv. nakazom Min’iustu Ukrainy vid 03.03.2015 r. № 301/5 (zi zmin. ta dopov.). URL: https://zakon.rada. gov.ua/laws/show/z0249-15#Text (data zvernennia: 25.02.2021) [in Ukrainian].
Kovalov, K. M., Nizovtsev, Yu. Yu. (2006). Identyfikatsiia osoby za fotohrafichnymy zo-brazhenniamy kystei ruk : metod. rek. Kyiv [in Ukrainian] Lohvynenko, A. O. (2017). Problemy vykorystannia daktyloskopichnoi informatsii v rozsliduvanni zlochyniv. Yurydychnyi visnyk. Povitriane i kosmichne pravo.№ 1. URL: https://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/Npnau_2017_1_29 (data zvernennia: 25.02.2021) [in Ukrainian].
Naukovo-metodychni rekomendatsii z pytan pidhotovky ta pryznachennia sudovykh ekspertyz ta ekspertnykh doslidzhen : zatv. nakazom Min’iustu Ukrainy vid 08.10.1998 r. № 53/5 (zi zmin. ta dopov). URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/ show/z0705-98#Text (data zvernennia: 25.02.2021) [in Ukrainian].
Savchuk, T. I., Kostiukova, T. S., Hretskykh, I. A. (2020). Problemy ta perspektyvy kry-minalistychnoho doslidzhennia slidiv daktyloskopichnoho pokhodzhennia. Pravo i bezpeka. № 3 (78). DOI: https://doi.org/10.32631/pb.2020.3.14 (data zvernennia: 25.02.2021).
Sudovi ekspertyzy v protsesualnomu pravi Ukrainy (2019): navch. posib. ; za zah. red. O. H. Ruvina. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
Yusupov, V. V. (2015). Slidy paltsiv ruk: istoriia vyiavlennia, fiksatsii, doslidzhennia. Kry-minalistychnyi visnyk. № 2. URL: https://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/krvis_2015_2_28 (data zvernennia: 25.02.2021) [in Ukrainian].

Abstract views: 17
PDF Downloads: 8 PDF Downloads: 6
Published
2021-07-27
How to Cite
Nizovtsev, Y. (2021). Certain issues on methodical support of forensic examinations of images on the dorsum of the hands. Theory and Practice of Forensic Science and Criminalistics, 23(1), 167-174. https://doi.org/10.32353/khrife.1.2021.12