CHOICE OF REACTION TIME ON DANGER OF THE DRIVER WHO OPERATES THE CAR, MOVING WITH EXCEEDING OF THE ESTABLISHED RESTRICTION ON THE TRAVERSE SPEED
Today in the expert practice of carrying out forensic autotechnical examination on choosing ofsituational reaction time on danger of the driver the methodical recommendations, accepted in 1987, and being entered into expert practice in 1988, are used. After this time in expert practice there were no attempts on more precise definitions or expansions of typical situations when determining differentiated value of reaction time on danger of the driver. In these recommendations for different characteristics of road- traffic situations there were listed typical variants of the development mechanism of the traffic accident at the stage of approaching participants to the point of impact (running- down). Typical variants which are shown in the methodical recommendations, on determination of the differentiated values of reaction time on danger of the driver, not in a full extent cover possible mechanisms of traffic accident development. In particular, reaction time on danger of the driver is not defined when exceeding speed mode by him which was introduced in the area of road-traffic accident, during running-down on the pedestrian or vehicles collisions. Expert practice of carrying outforensic autotechnical examination has shown that almost in 30 % of all appointed examinations by judicial-investigative bodies there are the subjects of research running-downs of vehicles on pedestrians or vehicles collisions when drivers who had the prevailing right to passage, moved with exceeding traverse speed. Nowadays there is a need of changing approach to the definition ofsituational reaction time of the driver when there is the data that by the time of collision the car moved with exceeding of the established restriction of traverse speed by means of its decrease to 0.6 sec. from relatively typical variants given in the methodical recommendations.
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