METHOD OF NATURAL MODELING WHILE PERFORMING COMPREHENSIVE FORENSIC MEDICAL, TRANSPORT TRACE EVIDENCE AND AUTO-TECHNICAL EXAMINATION
The article points to the importance of applying the method of natural modeling as one of the key methods in carrying out comprehensive forensic medical, transport trace evidence and auto-technical examinations. This method give an opportunity identifying a person who was behind steering wheel of the vehicle during a traffic accident in case of intervention in motor vehicle driving by another person: the driver, determining his location in the cabin; identifying the pedestrian's location regarding traumatic elements of the vehicle; determining person location at the time of the traffic accident: on a bicycle or as a pedestrian, led a bicycle nearby. The mentioned method also allows verifying testimonies of traffic accident participants and excludes farfetched options for its development in future. The importance of the method lies in the ability to accurately simulate (reproduce) the mechanism of a traffic accident regarding reciprocal contact of vehicles, with other objects and a person. Advantage of the method of natural modeling over the method of mental modeling which is more widespread while performing comprehensive forensic medical, transport trace evidence examinations is the opportunity to confirm or disprove versions of previous expert versions and reduce their number to a minimum that means in most cases to one. It allows coming to categorical conclusions about the mechanism of human contact with vehicle elements and is of decisive importance while solving by autotechnician experts issues on the establishment of a causal link between the actions of traffic accident participants and the requirements of Traffic Сode of Ukraine.
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