ABOUT POSSIBILITIES OF FORENSIC PSYCHOLOGY EXAMINATION ON THE VICTIMS OF CRIMES RELATED TO HUMAN TRAFFICK


  • T. M. Ehorova
  • S. G. Moroz
Keywords: human traffick, forensic practice, personality, activity, volitional act, psychological vulnerability, psychological dependence, expert methods.

Abstract

The problem of human traffick is transnational, wide-ranging character and threatens national security of states is considered. The OSCE data indicating a number of socio-economic and political factors that cause the growth of human traffick in Ukraine are presented. In the review of the main legislative acts of Ukraine the organizational and legal regulation of counteraction to human traffick, directions of public policy and international cooperation are denoted. Researches of Ukrainian experts studying socio-psychological factors that may be of significant importance for crimes related to human traffick are considered. Object, subject and tasks of the forensic psychological research on the victims of crimes falling within the scope of Art. 149 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine. Analysis of note 2 to this article was performed from the positions of legal (qualifying) signs of the vulnerable state of the injured person, as well as from the standpoints of scientific psychology and forensic psychological examination. In particular, since the legal concept of "vulnerable state" refers to the category of appraisal, the tasks of psychological research are determination of individual psychological characteristics of victim's personality, specifics of his motivational, intellectual and emotional spheres, specific activities in the situation of the particular offense, and other psychological factors that may be premorbidity for the formation of dependence on another person or on certain life circumstances that can create favorable conditions for manipulating the consciousness and volitional activity of victim while making a vital decision, limiting the regulation of his activities. Result of psychological research is a degree determination of victim conscious activity who has (or does not have) all the necessary signs of complex volitional behavior. Corresponding expert methodology for psychological research is being developed taking into account the relevance of this topic and increasing requests of judicial investigating bodies to perform appropriate psychological examinations at Poltava branch of the KhRIFE.


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Published
2018-12-26
How to Cite
Ehorova, T. M., & Moroz, S. G. (2018). ABOUT POSSIBILITIES OF FORENSIC PSYCHOLOGY EXAMINATION ON THE VICTIMS OF CRIMES RELATED TO HUMAN TRAFFICK. Theory and Practice of Forensic Science and Criminalistics, 18, 552-557. https://doi.org/10.32353/khrife.2018.64
Section
JUDICIAL PSYCHOLOGICAL AND MEDICAL EXPERTISE