METHODOLOGICAL APPROACHES TO EXPERT RESEARCH ON DAMAGE ESTIMATE RESULTING FROM LAND CLOGGING
Definition of damage caused through land clogging constitutes a significant share in the total amount of environmental offenses that are considered by courts in Ukraine and their investigations are the most difficult in this category. Majority of losses from land clogging are determined as significant amounts considered according to the Criminal Code of Ukraine as grave or especially grave consequences of environmental legislation violations. From the point of view of legal mechanism, the definition of damage caused through clogging of land resources is based on the branch Methodology for determining the amount of damage caused through pollution and clogging land resources by means of violation of environmental legislation, approved by order of the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources No 171 from 27.10.1997 (as amended). Failure to comply with legislation on the protection and rational use of land resources resulting in land clogging is determined according to this Methodology. This Methodology is applied in case of violations revealed during the state supervision (control) of economic activities to comply with environmental (land) legislation by economic entities (according to the Law of Ukraine "On the Main Principles of State Supervision (Control) in the Area of Commercial Activity"). Employees of the State Ecological Inspectorate of Ukraine use the Methodology in particular to calculate the amount of compensation for damage caused to the state as a result of land clogging. Analysis of an expert practice of using the Methodology demonstrates its low arbitrage effect, since a significant part of the claims brought forward to debtors for compensation of damages or charges are not satisfied by the judicial authorities. Comprehensive methodology developed at KhRIFE makes possible to obtain correct from a legal point of view, complete, objective, scientifically, technically and economically justified answers to questions related to the calculation of the damage caused through land clogging. Разработанная в Харьковском НИИСЭ Комплексная методика дает возможность получить корректные с правовой точки зрения, полные, объективные, научно, технически и экономически обоснованные ответы на вопросы, которые касаются расчетов размера вреда, обусловленного засорением земельных ресурсов.
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