PLACE OF FORENSIC SCIENCE IN THE CYBERTHREATS PREVENTION SYSTEM IN FIELD OF A UKRAINIAN INFORMATION SECURITY
Theoretical developments and practical experience of countering cyberthreats in the field of information security of Ukraine are analyzed. It is determined that the crime prevention in the field of information security is structurally composed of several stages. They include: search for primary information on criminal activity in the information field ; prevention of cybercrime; detection of illegal actions in the field of information security while operative investigative activities and pre-trial investigation of criminal proceedings. The most common illegal actions in the field of information security is unauthorized tampering in the work of information and telecommunications systems. In order to identify these crimes during operative investigative activities within the criminal procedure operational officers and investigators must possess methods of detecting specified illegal actions and objects that can be subject to research. Theoretical bases of recommendations for search, detection, fixation and seizure of these facilities should be appropriate criminalistic methods. Legal basis for the formation of these methods should be legislative and departmental regulatory acts. However, in a number of normative legal acts related to ensuring cybersecurity in Ukraine, there are inconsistencies in the conceptual apparatus, especially with regard to specific object types of forensic science, signs of unauthorized tampering in the work of information and telecommunications systems. It was found out that counteraction to cyberthreats in the field of information security in Ukraine should be based on a system integrated approach to use of all structural elements, coordination of its subject activities including forensic experts. The theoretical basis for the formation of a system integrated approach to crime prevention in this field is the implementation of research on research of theoretical applied branches of jurisprudence: criminalistics, theory of forensic science, theory of operative investigative activities.
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