PRINCIPLES OF ORGANIZATION AND FUNCTIONING OF AUTOMATED SYSTEMS IN FORENSIC EXPERT ACTIVITY
This article presents problems related to understanding, classification and implementation of the principles of organization and operation of automated systems in forensic expert activity. The basis of the classification is adoption of systems that can be used in activities of forensic science institutions. Depending on the destination, information systems differentiate into the following types: documentary and factographic. Forensic science institutions mainly use factographic information systems in their activities. Each information system, depending on the purpose of creation, can be constructed according to certain principles. We have provided a detailed analysis of such fundamental principles of automated system activity, namely: principle of legality; principle of information selection; principle of using hardware and software modules; principle of the possibility of step-by-step creating an information system; principle of simplicity and flexibility in terms of specific requirements of concrete information system application; principle of system acceptance for user of the "human – machine" dialogue; principle of distribution of information support; principle of task originality; principle of structural organization; principle of system approach; principle of combining the preparation of primary and machine documents; the principle of consistency of bandwidth of individual parts of a system; principle of data bank security; principle of using a professional language, etc. Author's definition of legality in forensic expert activity is presented that is understood as a complex social and legal phenomenon which main criterion is the legality category consisting of a set of subjective rights reflected and fixed in current legislation, formed as a result of objective social development.
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