FORMS OF SPECIAL KNOWLEDGE USE


  • H. O. Spitsyna
  • H. S. Bidniak
Keywords: special knowledge, procedural and non-procedural, direct and indirect, basic and optional forms of special knowledge use, appointment of forensic examinations, participation of an expert in investigative actions, reference and consulting form, records, revisions.

Abstract

The article deals with problematic issues regarding the forms of special knowledge use while crime investigation, legislative acts are analyzed. Based on the opinion analysis of criminalistic scientists, forms of special knowledge use divided according to different criteria into procedural and non-procedural, direct and indirect, basic and optional are detailed. The most commonly used forms are indicated, among them: appointment of forensic examinations, involvement of specialist for performing investigative actions, consulting and reference, auditing and monitoring of records, the presence of an investigator during an examination, expert questioning. Legislation changes concerning of examination by a Forensic science institution (expert) only according to the investigating judge decision or court made on the petition of one of the parties to criminal proceedings are analyzed. Positive reform aspects, as well as the argument about the loss of procedural independence of the investigator while decision making under such circumstances were highlighted; it was suggested to review the above changes. Taking into account legislation changes, the role of the specialist during the search relatively of mandatory fixation of this act by means of audio and video recording is indicated. Proposals are offered on the use of several cameras, the use of quadcopters, 3D scanners to capture of the important points for proving of the search. Problem issues existing in the units of criminalistic support during investigative actions are outlined and the mechanism of their solution is proposed. Attention is focused on the use of automated records and prospects for their development.


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Published
2018-12-26
How to Cite
Spitsyna, H. O., & Bidniak, H. S. (2018). FORMS OF SPECIAL KNOWLEDGE USE. Theory and Practice of Forensic Science and Criminalistics, 18, 240-248. https://doi.org/10.32353/khrife.2018.26
Section
GENERAL REGULATIONS OF FORENSIC EXAMINATION