CRIMINALISTICS AS A SYSTEM OF SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE IN GLOBAL THREATS AND TRANSFORMATION OF CRIME
The functional purpose of criminalistic knowledge in the conditions of global threats and significant change of crime is considered. In the new conditions of the development of society, criminalistics is called upon to develop the latest means of counteracting crime. A separate direction in criminalistics should be the protection of information sources and the problems of information security. The role of the usage of criminalistic knowledge in counteracting information challenges and information (hybrid) war is emphasized. The process of crimes investigation and judicial proceedings is defined as “the struggle for information”. The possibility of obtaining objective information depends on the criminalistic means involved. Criminalistic tools (techniques, methods, technologies, recommendations) should correspond to informational manifestations, successfully counteract crime. The importance of introducing the practice of criminalistic knowledge application, the latest scientific, technical and other means of collecting evidence in global armed conflicts has been argued. Attention is paid to changing the tasks that are put in front of criminalistics. It has been suggested that there are criminalistics tasks at the following levels: strategic and tactical; theoretical informative and pragmatic (applied). Changing the tasks of criminalistics is caused not only by the transformation of crime, but also by the introduction of new mechanisms (European standards) into the practice of law enforcement, the need to use criminalistic knowledge in various jurisdictional processes.
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