PARTICIPATION OF A SPECIALIST WHEN PLANNING INVESTIGATION OF A CRIME
Investigation of criminal offences is often frequently accompanied by involvement of informed persons which help the investigator to establish and investigate the important circumstances. The essential help to the investigator is given by different specialists who are involvedfrom state and private institutions, enterprises, organizations. However, today in the criminalistic literature the forms of the specialist help in details in planning of carrying out investigative (search) actions, covert investigative (search) actions are not revealed. The aim of the paper is determination of a specialist participation in planning crime investigation. When involving a specialist in planning investigative (search) action, an investigator clarifies himself: 1) with the form of the help of the expert which will be given when organizing of carrying out investigative (search) action; 2) with a speciality of the necessary specialist, and also from what institution, enterprise or organization one has to involve the specialist or the specialist who does not work in such institutions (sculptor, artist, hunter and others); 3) depending on a type of a criminal offence, on the need of simultaneous use of different kinds of special knowledge, on complexity of carrying out investigative (search) action itself or covert investigative (search) action whether it’s necessary to receive the help of several specialists. It’s possible to distinguish advisory, analytical, organizational, technical, reference, preparatory forms of the specialist help at his participation in planning of carrying out investigative (search) or covert investigative (search) action. Forms of the specialist help depend on a type of a criminal offence. It’s necessary to take into account the specificity in carrying out certain investigative (search) or covert investigative (search) action. Sometimes it’s expedient for an investigator to receive the help of several specialists when organizing carrying out such separate actions.
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