TRACES OF EXPLOSION AS A CONSTITUENT OF CRIMINALISTIC CHARACTERISTICS OF A TYPICAL PICTURE OF TERRORIST DIRECTEDNESS CRIMES
There are viewed the main issues of the general criminalistic classification of traces in the commission of a terrorist directedness crimes, in which the traces are divided into ideal and material. The philosophical basis for the research and study of traces in the broad understanding is the imaging theory. At that a necessary condition for mapping is similarity with the represented object and similarity to it. Material traces by their nature cover changes in the situation of the place of incidence, traces of the object reflection, which are physical evidence and document. The most common traces that remain after the commission of terrorist directedness crimes are the traces of the use of explosives, explosive devices. The author gives the notion of an explosion, from the point of view of its criminalistic meaning, explores the main elements of an explosive device. Particular attention is paid to the classification of explosion traces, depending on conditions and time of trace formation, there are: 1) traces, the formation of which is associated with the illegal manufacture, acquisition, transfer, sale, storage, transportation or carrying of explosives or explosive devices; 2) preparation traces of the explosive device for the direct explosion; 3) traces of the use of an explosive device in the commission of crimes (traces of an explosion). For each classification group the author indicates the types of traces that are characteristic to it. In the traces, the nature of the actions of criminals, the traits of their personality and the circumstances of committing crimes of a terrorist directedness are objectively reflected. The study of traces makes it possible to reconstruct the mechanism and circumstances of the commission of a crime, the method of preparing it, committing and concealing it, the motives andpur- poses of the crime.
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